About Inequalities in Math - Examples of Inequalities

Inequalities

 

An inequality is a statement that one amount or quantity is greater than (or equal to) or less than (or equal to) another amount or quantity.  The following symbols are used to represent inequalities:

 

< means Less than

Example: 10 < 5

 

< means Less than or equal to

Example: 7 < 4 + 3

 

> means Greater than

Example: 20 > 15

 

> means Greater than or equal to

Example: 8-5 > 3

 

Inequalities can also be solved as equations.

 

Here’s an example of an equation where we want to solve for x:

 

5x – 10 = 20

 

We would add 10 to each side to get:

 

5x = 30

 

Then, we would divide each side by 5, so x = 6.

 

Similarly, we can use the same method if this were an inequality:

 

5x – 10 > 20

 

We would add 10 to both sides to get:

 

5x > 30

 

Then, we would divide each side by 5, so x > 6.

 

An important concept to keep in mind is that when you divide or multiply each side of an inequality by a negative amount, you must reverse the Greater than (or equal to) sign or the Less than (or equal to) sign.

 

 

 

Here’s an example:

 

-3x - 6 < 9

 

We would add 6 to each side to get:

 

-3x < 15

 

Then, we would divide each side by -3 to get:

 

x < -5

 

However, because we divided by a negative amount, we must reverse the sign to get the final answer of:

 

x > -5

  • Subject : Math
  • Topic : Algebra 1, Basic Math Skills / Pre-Algebra
  • Posted By : Admin
  • Created on : 10-10-2010

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